ESG related risks
Business management and practices
Sustainable business management and practices are fundamental to Sampo Group companies’ operations. Good governance in Sampo Group means effective policies, management practices, and training that provide assurance that the Group companies and their personnel, suppliers, and other business partners comply with laws, regulations, and generally accepted principles on human rights, labour rights, the environment and climate, anti-money laundering, counter-terrorist financing, and anti-corruption and bribery. Furthermore, it includes comprehensive information security and cybersecurity governance systems, and data protection activities.
Sustainable corporate culture
Sustainable corporate culture includes factors relating to the work environment, diversity and inclusion, employee health and well-being, competence development, remuneration, and talent attraction and retention. The Sampo Group companies want to provide customers with the best service in all situations. Here, skilled and motivated employees are an essential success factor. Losing talent or being perceived as an unattractive employer would pose large risks for the businesses. Therefore, the Sampo Group companies strive to ensure a sound work environment, not only because it is stipulated by law, but also because it lays the foundation for sustainable business performance. Diversity, equity and inclusion are key focus areas for the Sampo Group companies, which are committed to providing a non-discriminatory, open, and agreeable working environment where everyone is treated fairly and equally. Risks related to these themes are managed, for example, by having strong internal policies and governance structures, conducting organisational development programmes, and offering employees training, interesting career opportunities, and attractive remuneration packages.
Sustainable investment management and operations
Sustainable investment management and operations are important in managing investment risks and in mitigating potential adverse impacts on the Group’s reputation. Therefore, the Sampo Group companies take environmental (inc. climate change), social and governance (ESG) issues into account when assessing the security, quality, liquidity, and profitability of investments. Investment opportunities are carefully analysed before any investments are made, and ESG issues are considered along with other factors that might affect the risk-return ratio of individual investments. Depending on the asset class, the Group companies use different ESG strategies to ensure the effective consideration and management of investment risks arising from ESG issues. The strategies used include, for example, ESG integration, sector-based screening, norms-based screening, and engagement with investee companies.
Sustainable product and service offering
Sustainable product and service offering is important in meeting the evolving needs of all customers and in mitigating potential adverse impacts on the Group’s reputation. Therefore, the Sampo Group companies aim to take ESG issues, including climate change, into account in product and service development, insurance underwriting, and supply chain management.
Additionally, a sustainable product and service offering requires being attentive to the risks relating to inappropriate customer advice and product sales, lack of clarity on conditions, prices and fees, and errors in claims handling and complaint processes. The focus in sales and marketing practices is on meeting the demands and needs of the customer and providing the customer with the information necessary for them to make well-informed decisions on their insurance coverage. The Sampo Group companies manage risks related to these themes, for example, by having effective internal policies and governance structures, and offering employees training.
Environmental issues and climate change
Environmental issues and climate change are factors that are expected to have a mid- and long-term effect on Sampo Group’s businesses. Climate-related risks can be categorised into physical risks and transition risks. Physical risks can be further classified into long-term weather changes (chronic risks) and extreme weather events such as storms, floods, or droughts (acute risks). Transition risks refer to risks arising from the shift to a low carbon economy, for example changes in technology, legislation, and consumer sentiment.
The strength of the risks depends on the trajectory of global warming. A scenario in line with the Paris Climate Agreement, limiting the temperature rise to 1.5°C, would have moderate consequences, whereas 3–5°C scenarios would have severe consequences for industry, infrastructure, and public health. Especially in geographically vulnerable regions, abandonment of low-lying coastal areas due to rising sea levels and food and water shortages can lead to large-scale migration and outbreaks of diseases.
Physical risks are risk factors affecting especially the financial position and results of the Group’s non-life insurers. The increasing likelihood of extreme weather conditions and natural disasters is included in internal risk models. Climate-related risks are also managed effectively with re-insurance programmes and price assessments. Since climate change could increase the frequency and/or severity of physical risks, the Sampo Group companies conduct sensitivity analyses using scenarios in which the severity of natural catastrophes is assumed to increase.
The Sampo Group companies also help their corporate and private customers to manage climate-related risks. Extreme weather events can, for example, damage properties, lead to crop failure and business interruption. Loss prevention is an essential part of insurance services as it helps customers to reduce economic losses and mitigates the impacts of climate change.